| May 2022 Earnest Research Spend Index
Earnest Research Spend Index decelerated from April, as low single digit in-store spending growth
| April 2022 Earnest Research Spend Index
Earnest Research Spend Index reaccelerated from March, as consumer spending lapped March 2021 stimulus
| March 2022 Earnest Research Spend Index
Earnest Research Spend Index decelerated sharply from February, as consumer spending lapped March 2021
| Shoppers pull back in wake of Russia-Ukraine War
How US consumers are behaving in the wake of the Russia-Ukraine conflict.